A heating element converts electrical energy into heat through the process of resistance, otherwise known as Joule heating. The electric current passing through the element encounters resistance, which produces heat.
Water passes through the heating element and it heats it and in return you get hot water.
Instant heater and their heating element.
What causes the heating element to burn:
Low water pressure.
Wrong shower usage.
Salty water causes the heating element to rust over time,causing it to burn.
Low water pressure.
If your water pressure is low,it causes the element to dry heat causing it to burn.
Wrong shower usage.
Before switching on the shower,ensure your water is running. If you switch your instant heater before your water,the element will dry heat and burn.
“When it comes to choosing the perfect light fixtures for your home, it depends on the style, functionality, and the specific room you are looking to illuminate. Here are some popular light fixtures for different rooms:
Chandeliers: Add elegance and a focal point to your living room.
Pendant Lights: Provide focused lighting and can be used in clusters for a modern look.
Floor Lamps: Offer ambient lighting and can be used to create a cozy atmosphere.
Recessed Lighting: Provides even illumination and is ideal for task lighting.
Under Cabinet Lighting: Adds functionality and enhances visibility on countertops.
Pendant Lights: Hang over the kitchen island or dining area for a stylish touch.
Table Lamps: Perfect for bedside lighting and creating a relaxing ambiance.
Wall Sconces: Save space and provide a soft, indirect glow.
Ceiling Fans with Lights: Combine functionality with lighting for a comfortable sleep environment.
Vanity Lights: Illuminate the mirror area for grooming tasks.
Wall Sconces: Provide flattering and even lighting on either side of the mirror.
Flush Mount Ceiling Lights: Offer general illumination for the entire bathroom.
Chandeliers: Make a statement and provide ambient lighting for the dining area.
Pendant Lights: Hang over the dining table for focused lighting and a stylish look.
Wall Sconces: Add a touch of elegance and complement the overall lighting design.
**we have perfect lights combo to suite your home.**
Piggy Bank/Wall top Fence – This is an fence that is normally installed on top of an existing perimeter wall. It could be an electric fence alone, a razor wire alone or both. You will find this type of fence is common in residential homes.
Stand-alone Electric Fence – This is where an electric fence is installed on the ground supported by either wooden or steel posts. This is mainly done in commercial areas or nomadic lands to control grazing or wildlife from breaching a residential area.
Requirements of an Electric Fence
Major Fencing Materials
Razor Wire – There are two major types. The silver stainless steel razor wire and the galvanized razor wire (mostly in green, blue or black). The galvanized one has an extra coat of paint, thus lasts longer and hides the rust longer.
High Tensile Wire (HT Wire) – This is the wire that conducts the electric voltage pulses throughout the entire fence. There are different gauges for wire. There is 1.6mm and 2.5mm in size. The wire is measured in kilos.
Energizer – The machine that is responsible for powering the electric fence. It converts power into powerful pulses of voltage when the wire is triggered.
Wire Post (W. Post), Strainer Post, Supports & Strainers– These are posts that hold the electric wire from one point to another.
Other Fencing Materials
Siren Kit – security beacon, flasher
Binding Wire – used for razor wire installations
Earth Rod – to direct the power of the fence to the ground to avoid shocks and sparks
Under-gate Cable – connects the wire at the gate to ensure a continuous flow of power current
Warning/Danger Sign – ‘Hatari’ sign to warm people of potential danger
D10 – Steel nails that are drilled into the perimeter wall to keep the razor wire in place.
4 core cable
Approximate cost of an electric fence
The prices quoted below can differ depending on different factors that we’ll look at later. They are inclusive of the cost of material, approximate labor and transport.
Electric Fence + Razor
Razor Wire Alone
Electric Fence Alone
Standalone Electric Fence
50ft by 100ft (90m)
100ft by 100ft (120m)
200ft by 200ft (240m)
400ft by 400ft (480m)
Table for an approximate cost.
Factors Affecting the cost of installing the electric fence
The size of your plot.
The type of the perimeter wall. Some are flat, others have steps.
If you share the wall with someone else and it’s been fenced on a side.
The materials in use. When galvanized razor wire is used, the price increases.
For standalone fences, price differs depending on whether steel posts or wooden posts are used.
Advantages of an Electric Fence
Electric fences cost less than barbed wires since fewer materials are required and they take less time to install
They are more versatile as they can be taken down quickly and re-installed elsewhere as compared to the barbed wires
They have a longer life compared to barbed wires due to their reduced physical pressure
Electric fences improve existing fences by including one or two electrified wires in your conventional fence or by adding offsets thus extending the fence life
Electric fences are simple and flexible. They are a quick and easy way to effectively subdivide a paddock for intensive grazing, improving pasture management and production for those practicing agricultural farming
Electric fences also encourage low maintenance and this is due to their reduced stock pressure
In an agricultural context, electric fences are said to cause less damage to stock. The shock from an electric fence causes less or no damage to stock and if they are forced through electric fences by wild animals or bush fires there is a reduced likelihood of injury
Common issues of electric fences
From time to time, you’ll find that the electric wire system may be going off. The downside is that the alarm system gets triggered, which can be very irritating and annoying. Who has the patience and time to keep explaining to the neighbors that there is no burglar in the vicinity? Plus, it won’t serve its purpose if it happen every so often. So here is a few causes and remedies.
Earthing – This occurs when the grounding system is not properly set using an earth rod. Ensure that during installation, all the wires are tied properly and the earth rod is properly placed.
Shocks – This can be triggered by an animal, rain or falling twigs. Where you have no control over the rains and animals, ensure that there are no vegetations near the fence. Clear tree branches that are around the fence.
Power cut-off – This can happen when there is no power and the backup battery is depleted. It may take a while to get the system running when the lights get back. If the fence does not turn on, try resetting it from the energizer.
Everyone looks for outdoor lights that make them feel safe and warm and that bring an aura of modern and classy decoration. Therefore, people look for different things when making decisions for their home or business or school.
Factors to consider when shopping for outdoor lights
Type of Light
Solar Floodlights/Streetlights consume zero electricity, have higher range, they are portable and can be installed anywhere as they are weather-proof. They have an inbuilt photocell to detect darkness and turn on or off automatically.
Electric Lights consume electricity depending on the wattage. They are less expensive than the solar lamps. There are electric lights with motion sensors or those that can be connected to an infrared motion detectors.
Purpose of the Light
Home use – This does not require high wattage light. One can consider a light that stays on the entire night, or one that comes one when motion is detected.
Commercial use – For instance a school playground or stadium would benefit more from a solar floodlight rather than an electric one. The range and brightness is higher, plus being economical.
Community lighting – Is it being used to light a road? How high is it being installed? Streetlights work better here as the focus is downward.
Range – How far is it supposed to light? Where are you positioning the light? Where is it being installed, e.g., the front of a home or garden or gate light? Getting an electric floodlight would be ideal for the front porch or a backyard.
Obstruction – Are there any dark or blind spots? If so, how many lights do you plan to put around the area? In this case, a solar lamp with higher wattage is more suitable.
Ambience of the light
What kind of lighting are you after? Are you looking for some warm ambience? Or is it meant for decoration purposes? There are lights with low wattage lighting of about 5watts that are warm white to create a sensual mood in the home.
And where do you plan having them installed? On the wall, garden, gate, gazebo or patio area? There are electric garden ball fitting lights, series patio lights, solar garden lamps, electric/solar wall lamps. Can the bulb be changed or is it LED?
Price of the outdoor lamp
Lastly, what is your budget? For a low budget outdoor light, the electric ones are much better. A light with a replaceable bulb is a better choice so that you can use it longer.
But for someone who is looking for something long-term, the solar ones are much more feasible.
What are the common mistakes to avoid when using a shower?
Interestingly, there are quite a number of mistakes we do when purchasing and using a shower. We normally tend to overlook them or not take them as mistakes completely. This err will most likely lead to a spoilt shower, electrical shocks or turn out to be a bad investment. So what should you do to avoid this? Let’s take a look at three major processes that involve using a shower.
The Purchasing Process
One of the most important decision that can be made when getting a shower is in this stage. You’ll need to consider factors like
Where to purchase?
Which shower to buy ? – consider your water pressure and type of water (salty/borehole/fresh)
Does it have a warranty?
Which replacement element does it use?
So what do you need to avoid when at this stage? Getting a shower from a shop with no prior information regarding the usage and compatibility with your water. For example, buying a shower that is suitable for fresh water with high pressure, when you have salty, low pressure water. Go to a trusted dealer where you will get appropriate information regarding the shower you want to purchase. Make sure to get all concerns addressed, while considering the factors until you reach a decision.
The Installation Process
Who have you tasked with installing your shower head? Is it an electrician/technician? Cases like shocking are highly reported due to poor earthing or grounding. How is the shower installed? Read more on this on causes of a shower leakage. Avoid getting someone who is not experienced with installing showers, especially the complicated ones, like boiler tanks and tankless water heaters. Also check if the circuit breaker used is appropriate for the shower being installed. The recommended one is 32AMPS and above. Entrust the installation process to a qualified electrician.
The Showering Process
How do you take a shower? Do you let your water run before turning on the shower switch, or do you do the vice versa? Why is this important? You want to avoid dry-heating the element. This is when the element is subjected to high heat which leads to the element splitting up in parts. My favorite analogy is a kettle heater. Do you turn on the kettle before you put in water? This applies to a shower. It may take a while to get used to it, but it’s the safer practice. So make sure the water runs first.
What is the advantage of these showers? In an era where prices for things unbelievably are sky-rocketing at an unprecedented rate, we can appreciate why most people would purchase these showers. They undoubtedly consume less power, are easy to install and maintenance is relatively cheap.
Here at Tungsten Electricals, we sell these showers from Ksh1500 – Ksh3500, the horizon shower being the cheapest and Lorenzetti Loren Bello the highest. This is why;
Loren Bello is a 3-temperature instant shower with a wide enough spreader for comfort. This shower is suitable for both fresh and mildly salty water.
This shower has one amazing and unique feature. Unlike the others, it comes with its own plastic arm that is used to cover the ugly wires poking out of your shower. This improves the look of your showerhead and your bathroom in general.
The shower is available in white&blue, white&grey, and purely white. Its replacement element goes for Ksh1000.
Maxi Ducha is a 3-temperature instant shower with a bit smaller spreader. Though it’s size and shape offers a convenient and satisfactory shower. This shower is suitable for both fresh and mildly salty water.
Among the other showers, maxi ducha has only three temperature settings; cold – warm – hot. This will work well for people who live in areas with low water pressure. The shower is only available in white. Its replacement element goes for Ksh1000.
Horizon is a 3-temperature instant shower with a very wide spreader for comfort. This shower is suitable for both fresh and mildly salty water. It works well with medium to high water pressure.
This is the most affordable shower. It is widely used in Kenya because it is easily accessible and cheap to maintain.
The shower is available in white & blue, white & grey, white & salmon, and purely white. Its replacement element goes for Ksh300.
Warm white LED light is a popular choice for lighting in homes and businesses. This type of lighting has a color temperature of around 2700K, which creates a warm and cozy atmosphere.
Here are some reasons why you should consider using warm white LED light:
Enhances mood: Warm white LED light has been shown to have a positive effect on mood. It creates a relaxing and calming atmosphere, which can help reduce stress and anxiety.
Improves sleep: Warm white LED light can also help improve sleep quality. Exposure to warm white light in the evening can help regulate the body’s natural sleep-wake cycle, making it easier to fall asleep and stay asleep.
Creates a cozy atmosphere: Warm white LED light is perfect for creating a cozy and inviting atmosphere in living spaces. It can make a room feel more welcoming and comfortable, making it a great choice for bedrooms, living rooms, kitchens and other areas where relaxation is key.
Enhances decor: Warm white LED light can enhance the look of your decor. It can make colors appear more vibrant and create a warm and inviting ambiance.
Energy-efficient: LED lights are energy-efficient and can help you save money on your energy bills. Warm white LED lights use less energy than traditional incandescent bulbs, making them a great choice for those looking to reduce their carbon footprint.
In conclusion, warm white LED light is a great choice for lighting in homes and businesses. It has many benefits, including enhancing mood, improving sleep, creating a cozy atmosphere, enhancing decor, and being energy-efficient. Consider using warm white LED light in your living spaces to create a warm and inviting ambiance.