An electric fence basically refers to a barrier that is said to use electric shocks to deter animals and even people from crossing the boundary. Over the years, with the growing technology, electric fencing has been highly recommended as compared to the barbed wire fencing also known as the traditional form of fencing.

No alt text provided for this image

Electric fencing has proved to be more advantageous in a numbers of ways as indicated below;

No alt text provided for this image
  • Electric fences cost less than barbed wires since less materials are required and they take less time to install


  • They are more versatile as they can be taken down quickly and re-installed elsewhere as compared to the barbed wires
  • They have a longer life compared to barbed wires due to their reduced physical pressure
  • Electric fences improve existing fences by including one or two electrified wires in your conventional fence or by adding offsets thus extending the fence life




  • Electric fences are simple and flexible. They are a quick and easy way to effectively subdivide a paddock for intensive grazing, improving pasture management and production for those practicing agricultural farming



  • Electric fences also encourage for low maintenance and this is due to its reduced stock pressure


  • In an agricultural context, electric fences are said to cause less damage to stock . Shock from an electric fence causes less or no damage to stock and if they are forced through electric fences by wild animals or bush fires there is reduced likelihood of injury

In a number of ways, electric fencing, despite having the numerous advantages also has some of its disadvantages which include;

  • Need for proper maintenance especially the regular voltage checks. In an instance of too many weeds, broken insulators or other things touching the fence, the voltage becomes too low to be effective




  • Non-appealing. Some property owners tend to prefer traditional fencing to electric fencing due to their aesthetic appearance of wooden fencing as compared to electric fencing
  • Vulnerability to power outages. Electric fencing relies mostly on continuous electricity thus in an event of power outage, the fence won’t be functional until the power is restored. However, since animals or humans already have the psychological notion not to go near an electric due to the shock, in the case of power outage they might not actually notice and thus the fence will still be effective since none of them will come close to it. This thus means that the fence can still act as barrier even without electricity.

Outdoor lighting

Lighting of outdoor areas includes streets, roadways, parking lots and pedestrian areas.This type of lighting was dominated by metal halide (MFH) and high pressure sodium (HPS) sources but things are changing. Recent advances in LED (light emitting diode) technology have resulted in a new option for outdoor area lighting with several potential advantages. Some of the advantages

  • Surface illuminance using less energy and with improved uniformity
  • Significance longer life (50000hrs) with better lumen maintenance
  • No mercury or other disposal hazards.
  • They come on instantly without run up time or restrike delay.
  • High IP rating to low maintenance

Outdoor lights often become perches for birds and the debris that come with them. The luminaire should not collect and retain dirt or water on the top side, the optical chamber should remain clean for the Led luminaire to truly reduce maintenance. This brings us to the Ingress Protection (IP) ratings described on the luminaire for example rating of IP65 indicates dust tight and protected from water jets from any direction.

For the sake of energy saving solar lights outdoor has

  1. Photo cell sensor it will turn off during the daytime and it will turn on under dim light mode at night automatically. With an astonishing lifespan of 50000 hours and 160 weeks no frequent replacement and maintenance.
  2. PIR motion detection sensor, this solar lights can detect up to 20-26ft away and range of 120 degree, turn on high bright lighting mode for 20s, distance up to 40-55ft after the motion detected then turn to dim mode. This makes the light to come on when it’s only necessary thus increasing the conservation of energy.
  • Timers. Timers are adjusted to the consumer specification and preference on when the light should be on and off.